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Careers Advice Centre

Understanding Job Sectors...


Understanding which job sector your ideal career falls into can be really confusing
- there are so many different sectors and they all include different things!

Here are some of them explained so you can understand them a bit better...

(We've also added useful links so you can find out further details!)

  • Accountancy, Banking, and Finance

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    These are all jobs that deal with money in a safe, legal, and organised way to make sure everyone's money is managed well.

    These jobs will require good maths skills and familiarity with numbers on a daily basis. So if you like numbers and are good at maths then this is a career that may suit you, but if not then steer clear! For many, the appeal of a job in accountancy, banking, or finance is the high salary but the job often requires long hours and competetive roles!

    There is lots more information on what these careers involve on the prospects website.

  • Armed Forces and Emergency Services

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    Careers in the armed forces and emergency services are made up of a huge number of varied positions which require different skills and working patterns.

    In general they offer structured paths for career development but each job requires different skills and qualifications. This industry would suit you if you'd like a career that involves helping others. These jobs require a lot of resiliance and hard work, but can be very fulfilling.

    There is more information on what these varied careers involve on the prospects website.

  • Charities and Voluntary Work

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    A lot of charity work may be voluntary, but there are still a huge number of options for getting a full-time career in the Charity industry.

    This sector doesn't often come with a big salary, but it would suit someone who enjoys working to help others. These careers can be very fulfilling and rewarding!

    There is more information on what these careers involve on the prospects website  as well as lots of info on volunteering over in the Volunteering Mall!

  • Creative Arts and Design

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    A career in the creative arts would, of course, suit someone who is artistic - whether that's art, music, dance, or drama - and enjoys creating things!

    If you are interested in fashion, art, music, dance, drama or even things like digital design and writing then this could be the sector for you. BUT it's important to be aware that this is a difficult and competitive sector to break into and will require hard work to succeed.

    There is more information on what these careers involve on the prospects website.

  • Energy and Utilities

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    Careers in this sector are rapidly growing and changing as we develop new technologies and need new resources, so getting into this sector may lead to good career progression!

    An interest in geography or science would help in this sector, but the roles are so varied that there are a number of jobs that require different skills.  It's definitely worth looking in to what roles are available if you're unsure exactly what you'd like to do!

    There is more information on what these careers involve on the prospects website.

  • Engineering and Manufacturing

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    A career in engineering and manufacturing will require some specific qualifications but can bring a much higher salary.

    Even with the developments of technology qualified engineers will always be needed, so it's likely this career path will result in lifelong work.

    Manufacturing also offers lots of job opportunities but they're likely to require some additional training. Although extra training may take more time it will make it easier to gain a specific role. 

    There is more information on what these careers involve on the prospects website.

  • Environment and Agriculture

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    A career in this sector would be suitable for someone who is interested in working outdoors, with animals, farming, plants and horticulture.

    This career sector branches from enviromental health officers to argicultural labourers, so there are a number of different roles you can get in to. Roles can also be flexible - so you have the chance to be self-employed or work for someone else.

    There is more information on what these careers involve on the prospects website.

  • Hospitality, Leisure, Tourism, and Sport

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    Working in this sector would be best for someone who enjoys working with people, as roles involve daily contact with customers and clients.

    You'll need to be able to get on well with all sorts of people and may have to work uneven and potentially unsocial hours. Many of these roles have lower salaries than other sectors, but if you'd like part-time or more flexible hours this might be a good sector for you!

    There is more information on Hospitality careers on the prospects website, as well as information about Leisure, Tourism, and Sport.

  • Health and Social Care

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    If you are someone who enjoys helping and caring for others then this could be the ideal sector for you!

    There are opportunities in health care or residential care of all types. You will need to have some qualifications for these positions and most likely a background check (known as a DBS), but health care workers are always needed.

    Most health and social care careers will involve shift work so you will often have long or unsociable working hours, as well as tiring but fulfilling work.

    There is more information on what these careers involve on the prospects website.

  • IT and Computing

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    The IT sector is likely to grow a lot over the next few years, and IT skills are hugely in demand from employers.

    Getting to grips with different software and programming skills will put you in a great position for getting a job - this may require extra education or training but once you're qualified you'll have great transferable skills!

    This sector offers a high salary and even opportunities to be self-employed.

    There is more information on what these careers involve on the prospects website.

  • Law

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    You don’t need to be wearing a wig and gown to have a job in the legal sector, there are a number of roles that surround law courts that are great to look into!

    There are a number of roles that you can have in this area but there is a huge amount of competition for each of the roles; be aware that it may be difficult to find a job in this industry!

    There is more information on what these careers involve on the prospects website.

  • Marketing, Advertising, and PR

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    These kinds of roles exist in businesses in almost all sectors and they help to connect businesses or companies with their audiences.

    It is likely to be office based work in a sociable atmosphere and may involve liasing with lots of different teams and clients. In general starting salaries are not that high but the hours are regular, and the skills you learn can help you gain a high-paying job once you climb the ladder!

    The sector is competitive though, so bear in mind that you might end up getting a lot of rejections in this area.

    There is more information on what these careers involve on the prospects website.

  • Media

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    A career in Media would be good for someone who is interested in writing, language, reading, and communication, especially using digital programmes.

    Both Media and Publishing are developing along with technology so some familiarity with computers or IT would be useful. Media is a much larger sector than publishing, but both sectors are very competitive and require good writing skills. You should also be good at working to deadlines and targets. 

    There is more information on what these careers involve on the prospects website.

  • Property and Construction

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    The property industry can change very easily depending on what is happening in the economy, the country, and your local area. It can be a steady career in roles such as an estate agent or property manager, but can be less stable in other roles.

    Roles in the construction industry, in general, would suit someone who enjoys building projects and working outside and with their hands

    There is more information on what these careers involve on the prospects website.

  • Public Sector

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    This means working for the Government or the Civil Service.

    Bracknell Forest Council is one of the largest employers in Bracknell Forest and there are plenty of roles in a variety of departments. The work varies depending on the department that you are working for, is primarily desk based office work, usually between the hours of 9-5. 

    There is more information on what these careers involve on the prospects website.

  • Retail

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    Roles within retail and sales involve a lot of customer facing work, so being friendly and getting on with all types of people is really important.

    This is likely to be shift based work that can mean you may work on weekends, and the salary is very varied depending on where you work. Although the salary may not be as high as other sectors, this is a sector that does not require you to have qualifications, although experience is useful.

    There is more information on what these careers involve on the prospects website.

  • Recruitment and Human Resources

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    This sector is about employment, putting people in new jobs, and dealing with employees and their details within a company.

    Most companies in the UK will have an Human Resources (HR) department so there are a variety of environments you could be working in. You will usually be working in a small team and will probably be based in an office.

    There is a lot of competition for jobs in this sector so it may mean lots of rejections - so be prepared. 

    There is more information on what these careers involve on the prospects website.

  • Self-Employment

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    Another career option is starting your own business.

    Depending on what business you want to start you may need experience or qualifications to help you get off the ground. This is not an easy option to take and will require a lot of hard work and dedication!

    For more information on how to start your own business have a look at the Enterprise Road

  • Science and Pharmaceuticals

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    There are lots of different roles for people from both science and non-science backgrounds - BUT you may need further qualifications. Although qualifications can take time and a lot of hard work, once you do become qualifiied, you can earn a much higher salary!

    There is more information on what these careers involve on the prospects website.

  • Transport and Logistics

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    This sector includes a wide range of roles from Highways Management to Aviation to being a Taxi Driver.

    You are likely to have the opportunity to travel a great deal and are likely to be part of a large, widely recognised company. There are lots of opportunities available in this area and many of them require practical skills - this may require further study and training but may be an excellent opportunity to get a life long career.

    There is more information on what these careers involve on the prospects website.

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